5 Pillars for the Environmental Agenda
There are five priority tasks on the CMPC environmental agenda:
The development of certified renewable forestry plantations
The replacement of fossil fuels with biomass
An efficient use of energy, water and raw materials
Certified industrial processes
Recycling of used paper
- Supplying 100% of industrial processes with certified or origin-controlled wood from renewable plantations.
- Increasing energy generation from biomass.
- Increasing efficiency in the use of electric and thermal energy.
- Reducing the consumption of water and the volume of industrial effluent.
- Reducing the organic content of effluent returned to the water environment.
- ISO 14001 certification for productive processes.
- FSC® and PEFC custody chains for forestry products
- Maintenance of a high volume of paper recycling.
Sustainable Forestry Management of Plantations
CMPC FORESTRY ASSETS IN BRAZIL AND CHILE · 2015
PRODUCTIVE SURFACE AREA Chile Brazil Hectares of renewable plantations 488,590 120,204 Hectares of land for planting 26,401 7,940 Hectares of land for administrative use 62,092 10,039 PROTECTED AND PRESERVED SURFACE AREA Chile Brazil Hectares of native forest and vegetation 67,205 46,008 Hectares projected for river basins, water courses, flora, fauna and areas of high environmental value 94,187 38,508 Total Surface Area 738,475 222,699
The wood used by CMPC comes in its entirety from renewable plantations, which allows the preservation of natural forests.
CMPC plantations in Brazil and Chile have PEFC and FSC® certifications, implying that the Company strives to work in a way that promotes harmony between economic, social and environmental factors.
In the case of Chile, Forestal Mininco’s responsibilities emanating from FSC certification provide favorable perspectives for the great majority of the neighboring communities, with whom a relationship of trust and respect has been built.
Recovery of 8,738 hectares of Chilean native forest
As part of the commitments acquired with FSC certification, CMPC will recover 8,738 hectares of native Chilean forest, within a period of 15 years, with technical support from forestry specialists and universities.
Sustainable Use of Energy
Consolidado 2014 2015 Consolidado Terajoules Porcentaje Terajoules Porcentaje Biomasa 67.507 73,9% 75.906 77,3% Energía Eléctrica 6.117 6,7% 5.788 5,9% Gas Natural 5.949 6,5% 8.619 8,8% Petróleo 5.811 6,4% 5.049 5,1% Carbón 5.215 5,7% 2.645 2,7% Otros 729 0,8% 181 0,2% Total 91.327 100% 98.187 100%
The CMPC production of pulp and paper used 98,187 terajoules of energy in 2015, of which 77.3% was energy generated from renewable biomass; this substantially increased its participation due to a new production line in Guaíba Pulp Mill in Brazil. Another 5.9% was obtained from purchased electricity and 16.8% corresponded to power generated with purchased fossil fuels, mainly natural gas, oil and coal.
Sustainable Use of Water
In 2015, the average water consumption per tonne of pulp and paper produced was 42.3 m3 per metric tonne of final product, 2.9% higher than 2014 due to the commissioning of a new production line in Guaíba Pulp Mill in Brazil. This scenario is normal in this type of projects and a downward trend of future water consumption by incorporating modern technology at the plant will be resumed. However, a decrease of 26.7% compared to 2004 is recorded, as a result of CMPC efforts to steadily increasing efficiency in water use.
High Volume of Paper Recycling
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Fábricas en Chile 458 436 453 443 434 404 Fábricas en Argentina, Perú, Uruguay, México, Colombia y Brasil 221 293 286 284 268 259 Total 679 729 739 727 702 664
The consumption of recycled paper at CMPC paper mills was 664,000 metric tonnes by 2015, with a decrease of 5.4% compared to 2014, due to lower usage in corrugated paper and tissue operations. The above figure means that approximately 41% of total CMPC paper production was based on recycled fibers, considering factories in Chile, Argentina, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Colombia and Brazil.
Environmental and social benefits of CMPC paper recycling
- Optimizes forest plantations growing, by replacing virgin pulp fibers for recycled fibers in the manufacture of new papers.
- Save energy, hence getting recycled fiber from used paper consumes less energy than obtaining virgin fibers from wood.
- Gives value to used paper and cardboard as raw material, creating a market that encourages their collection through prices and prevents disposal as waste in landfills.
- With less trash, the service life of landfills is prolonged and methane gas emissions associated with the decomposition of waste are reduced.
- Represents a paid work source for collectors in cities.
- Contributes to improve the cleanliness of the cities.
Biodiversity in CMPC Forest Wealth
CMPC has 161,000 hectares in Chile destined for protection and conservation of biodiversity, which are a key asset for sustainable development:
- 67,000 hectares correspond to native forest and native vegetation.
- 94 thousand hectares to protect watersheds, water flows, flora and fauna, and areas of high environmental value.
This resources include 11 Forests of High Conservation Value in Chile, totaling 9,469 hectares, located in the regions of Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania and Aysen. There, valuable species of native forest of Valdivia, native forest of Maule, Ruil, Pitao, Araucaria, and native wildlife, such as Huillín or freshwater otter are preserved. These forests have special conservation and protection plans, and are given priority in the fire prevention and protection systems CMPC has implemented.